Bart’s Biological notes

Dear reader,

This website is mainly about the study of Lepidoptera. However, as somebody that has a great interest in biology and many other subjects, I have also written a collection of personal notes related to biology, insects and other personal subjects.

As not to completely clutter my website that is dedicated to Lepidoptera with completely unrelated and personal articles, I have seperated these notes so that they do not take up too much space on my website.

Note: About time and space (click here)
Note: Do insects feel pain? (click here)
Note: What is a species? (click here)

Dear reader – thank you very much for visiting! Your readership is appreciated. Are you perhaps….. 

Was this information helpful to you? Then please consider contributing here (click!) to keep this information free and support the future of this website. This website is completely free to use, and crowdfunded. Contributions can be made via paypal, patreon, and several other ways. 


The aim of this website is to provide information about many species of moths and butterflies around the world, with a slight focus on rearing them in captivity.

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